Memo Detail

Full Document:PDF Link
RCRA Online Number: 14957
Title: Lithium Battery Recycling Regulatory Status and Frequently Asked Questions
Document Date: 2023-05-24
To: LCRD Division Directors, Regions 1–10
From: Hoskinson
Organization of Recipient: EPA
Description: This memo provides an overview of how lithium-ion batteries are recycled, as well as answers to frequently asked questions about managing these batteries at end of life. It explains the applicability of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) regulations to lithium-ion battery recycling and answers questions on hazardous and universal waste regulations, best management practices, black mass, permit requirements for recyclers, and other related topics.
Regulatory Citation(s): 260.43, 261.24, 273.33, 261.2(e)(1)(ii), 273.9, 273.13, 261.4(a), 261.3, 261.6, 266.100, 268.1
Official ORCR Policy: Yes
Associated Topic(s): Batteries, Compliance, Very Small Quantity Generators (VSQG) (formerly Conditionally Exempt, CESQG), Exclusions (RCRA), Generators, Hazardous Waste, Hazardous Waste Recycling, Household Hazardous Waste, Identification of Hazardous Waste, Recycling, Scrap Metal, Solid Waste, Universal Waste