An official website of the United States government.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in partnership with the States, biennially
collects information regarding the generation, management, and final disposition of hazardous wastes
regulated under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA), as amended. The purpose
of this website is to communicate the findings of EPA's hazardous waste reporting data collection
efforts to the public, government agencies, and the regulated community.
RCRA Hazardous Waste
The term "RCRA hazardous waste" refers to solid waste assigned a Federal Hazardous Waste Code and
regulated by RCRA. Some States elect to regulate wastes not specifically regulated by EPA; these wastes
are assigned State Hazardous Waste Codes. In regards to the Biennial Report, EPA has asked the States
to exclude data for waste with only State Hazardous Waste Codes (i.e., the waste description does not
include any Federal Hazardous Waste Codes). A more detailed explanation can be found in the
RCRA Orientation Manual
and in the Code of Federal Regulations in 40 CFR Parts 260 and 261. Details regarding the information
submitted by the regulated community can be found in the
Hazardous Waste Report Instructions and Forms.
RCRA hazardous waste generation information is obtained from data reported by RCRA Large Quantity
Generators (LQGs). A generator is defined as a Federal Large Quantity Generator if:
RCRA hazardous waste management information is obtained from the data reported by sites that treated, stored, or
disposed of RCRA hazardous wastes on-site during the reporting year. Hazardous wastes that are stored, bulked,
and/or transferred off-site with no prior treatment or recovery, fuel blending, or disposal at the site, are
excluded from the management quantities.
Shipments and Receipts
RCRA hazardous waste shipment information is obtained from data reported by both RCRA LQGs and sites that
treated, stored, or disposed of RCRA hazardous wastes on-site during the reporting year. RCRA hazardous waste
receipt information is obtained from data reported by sites that treated, stored, or disposed of RCRA
hazardous wastes on-site during the reporting year. All reported shipments identified by the State, or implementing
EPA office, for inclusion in the National Biennial Report are included in the waste shipment quantities, even if
the waste was shipped to a transfer facility. In some instances, waste is transferred within a physical location
that has more than one EPA Identification Number. These waste transfers are treated as shipments.
Data Presented in the National Biennial Report
It is the responsibility of individual States or implementing EPA offices to properly identify data that
is to be included in or excluded from the National Biennial Report. The National Biennial RCRA Hazardous
Waste Report includes all data that was identified by the State or implementing EPA office for inclusion,
with the following two exceptions: